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latex:lottime:pstricks [Wednesday, 24 November 2010 : 14:22:50] (current)
hat moved most of the page from sewiki/latex/lottime
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 +====== Lot-time diagrams in LaTeX ======
 +With the package [[http://​se.wtb.tue.nl/​documentation/​lottime/​lottimediagram.sty|lottimediagram]] it is possible to create lot-time diagrams in LaTeX. Lot-time diagrams are used to visualize the manufacturing process of lots in a deterministic system. On the horizontal axis time is presented, while on the vertical
 +axis the individual lots are indicated with a lot number, starting from zero.
 +
 +===== Requirements =====
 +In the main document, the package ''​lottimediadram''​ has to be invoked. This package uses the additional packages ''​pstricks'',​ ''​multido''​ and ''​calc''​. The file [[http://​se.wtb.tue.nl/​documentation/​lottime/​lottimediagram.sty|lottimediagram.sty]] can be in your path, or else put it in your working directory.
 +
 +===== Usage and Syntax =====
 +The lottimediagram environment can best be used inside a figure environment. In this way, a caption and a label can be attached to the diagram and it can be referred to.
 +==== Instantiation ====
 +The lottimediagram environment is instantiated as follows:
 +
 +''​\begin{lottimediagram}{''//​number of lots//''​}{''//​width of time axis//''​}''​\\
 +''​...\\
 +\end{lottimediagram}''​
 +
 +The number of lots is a non-zero natural number. The lots are numbered from zero to number of lots - 1.
 +The width of the time axis also has to be a nonzero natural number.
 +
 +==== Axis labels and tick intervals====
 +The axis labels are entered as follows:
 +
 +''​\timeaxislabel{''//​text//''​}\\
 +\lotaxislabel{''//​text//''​}''​
 +
 +Placement of time ticks along the axis can go in user-defined intervals:
 +
 +''​\timetickinterval{''//​interval//''​}\\
 +\lottickinterval{''//​firstlotnumber//''​}{''//​interval//''​}''​\\
 +
 +Placement of lot numbers along the axis can also be done in user-defined intervals where //​firstlotnumber//​ is the number of the first lot and //​interval//​ is the interval between lot numbers which are shown. If the ''​\lotticktinterval''​ command is omitted, the first lot number is 0.
 +
 +==== Lots and batches ====
 +For individual lots, activities are placed in the diagram using the command:
 +
 +''​\lot(''//​lot number//''​)(''//​start time//'',​ ''//​end time//''​){''//​text//''​}''​
 +
 +Lots can be highlighted by using the command ''​\activelot'':​
 +
 +''​\activelot(''//​lot number//''​)(''//​start time//'',​ ''//​end time//''​)(''//​fillcolor//''​)(''//​fillstyle//''​){''//​text//''​}''​
 +
 +in which //​fillcolor//​ can be ''​black'',​ ''​darkgray'',​ ''​gray'',​ ''​lightgray'',​ ''​white'',​ ''​red'',​ ''​green'',​ ''​blue'',​ ''​cyan'',​
 +''​magenta''​ or ''​yellow''​. The argument //​fillstyle//​ can be ''​solid'',​ ''​hlines'',​ ''​vlines''​ or ''​crosshatch''​.
 +
 +(Note that the options hlines and vlines in fact draw diagonal lines, contrary to one’s expectation.)
 +
 +Batch processes (activities with more than one lot involved) can be placed with the command:
 +
 +''​\batch(''//​first lot number of batch//'',​ ''//​last lot number of batch//''​)(''//​start time//'',​ ''//​end time//''​){''//​text//''​}''​
 +
 +The text can be rotated 90 degrees counterclockwise by using the command ''​\rotatebatch''​ with the same arguments.
 +
 +Batches can be highlighted by using the command ''​\activebatch'':​
 +
 +''​\activebatch(''//​first lot number of batch//'',​ ''//​last lot number of batch//''​)(''//​start time//'',​ ''//​end time//''​)(''//​fillcolor//''​)(''//​fillstyle//''​){''//​text//''​}''​
 +
 +with the same //​fillcolor//​ and //​fillstyle//​ options as before.
 +
 +An activebatch can be used with 90 degrees counterclockwise rotated text using the command ''​\activerotatebatch''​ with the same arguments.
 +
 +==== Defining blocks for multiplication ====
 +If a collection of activities on (multiple) lots or batches is repetitive, a block can be defined, which can
 +be copied elsewhere in the diagram. Around the repetitive activities, place the command:
 +
 +''​\defineblock{''​\\
 +//​(collection of//\\
 +''​\lot''​\\
 +''​\activelot''​\\
 +''​\batch''​\\
 +''​\activebatch''​\\
 +''​\rotatebatch''​\\
 +''​\activerotatebatch''​\\
 +//​commands)//​\\
 +''​}''​
 +
 +The defined block can be repeated using the command:
 +
 +''​\repeatblock{''//​vertical shift//''​}{''//​horizontal shift//''​}''​
 +
 +The argument //vertical shift// is a positive natural number, while //​horizontal shift// is a real number. Blocks can
 +not be nested.
 +==== Annotations ====
 +Placing an annotation near a combination of lots can be done using the command ''​\lotcomb'':​
 +
 +''​\lotcomb(''//​start lot number//'',​ ''//​end lot number//''​)(''//​annotation time//''​){''//​text//''​}''​
 +
 +With this command, an arrow is drawn a little right of the indicated time and the text is placed next to it, 90 degrees rotated counterclockwise.
 +
 +===== Example =====
 +In Figure 1, an example of a lot-time diagram is given. The diagram was constructed using the following
 +commands:
 +
 +  \begin{lottimediagram}{9}{22}
 +  \timeaxislabel{time [h]}
 +  \timetickinterval{2}
 +  \lotaxislabel{lot nr.}
 +  \lottickinterval{0}{1}
 +  \defineblock{
 +  \lot(0)(0,​2){M}
 +  \lot(0)(2,​6){q}
 +  \lot(1)(2,​4){M}
 +  \lot(1)(4,​6){q}
 +  \lot(2)(4,​6){M}
 +  }
 +  \batch(0,​2)(6,​10){Oven}
 +  \lotcomb(0,​2)(10){b1}
 +  \repeatblock{3}{6}
 +  \rotatebatch(3,​5)(12,​16){Oven}
 +  \lotcomb(3,​5)(16){b2}
 +  \activelot(6)(12,​14)(yellow)(solid){M}
 +  \activelot(6)(14,​18)(red)(vlines){q}
 +  \activelot(7)(14,​16)(magenta)(hlines){M}
 +  \activelot(7)(16,​18)(green)(crosshatch){q}
 +  \activelot(8)(16,​18)(cyan)(solid){M}
 +  \activerotatebatch(6,​8)(18,​22)(lightgray)(solid){F b3}
 +  \end{lottimediagram}
 +
 +
 +{{lottime:​lottimeexample1.gif|Example of lot-time diagram}}
 +
 +===== Stand-alone EPS-file of a lot-time diagram =====
 +It might be useful to create a stand-alone EPS-file of the lot-time diagram. The EPS-file can then be
 +included in a LaTeX document or it may appear in a presentation,​ slides, poster etc. To create a stand-alone
 +EPS-file, a separate ''​.tex''​-file has to be created, which uses the package pst-eps. The LaTeX document
 +for a simple lot-time diagram could then look like:
 +
 +  \documentclass[a4paper,​10pt]{article}
 +  \usepackage{lottimediagram}
 +  \usepackage{times}
 +  \usepackage{amsmath}
 +  \usepackage{pst-eps}
 +  \begin{document}
 +  \begin{TeXtoEPS}
 +  \begin{lottimediagram}{9}{22}
 +  \timeaxislabel{time [h]}
 +  \timetickinterval{2}
 +  \lotaxislabel{lot nr.}
 +  \lottickinterval{0}{1}
 +  \defineblock{
 +  \lot(0)(0,​2){M1}
 +  \lot(0)(2,​6){q}
 +  \lot(1)(2,​4){M1}
 +  \lot(1)(4,​6){q}
 +  \lot(2)(4,​6){M1}
 +  \batch(0,​2)(6,​10){batch}
 +  }
 +  \repeatblock{3}{6}
 +  \repeatblock{6}{12}
 +  \end{lottimediagram}
 +  \end{TeXtoEPS}
 +  \end{document}
 +
 +The document is compiled using the standard LaTeX compiler:
 +
 +''​latex filename.tex''​
 +
 +To process the resulting ''​.dvi''​-file to an EPS file we use ''​dvips''​ with the ''​-E''​ option:
 +
 +''​dvips filename.dvi -E -o filename.ps''​
 +
 +The resulting PostScript file eventually is an Encapsulated PostScript file. So it has to be renamed to ''​eps'':​
 +
 +''​mv filename.ps filename.eps''​
 +
 +The resulting EPS-file can be included in a LaTeX document using the ''​includegraphics''​ command.
 +If necessary, the diagram can be scaled using for example the ''​width=''​ argument. This is very useful for large diagrams
 +that have to fit within the margins of a page (see Figure 2 for a not so useful example):
 +
 +  \begin{figure}
 +  \begin{center}
 +  \includegraphics[width=0.8\linewidth]{filename}
 +  \caption{Lot-time diagram in EPS-format can be scaled.}\label{example2}
 +  \end{center}
 +  \end{figure}
 +
 +{{lottime:​lottimeexample2.gif|Example of lot-time diagram}}
 +
 +Another advantage of using stand-alone EPS-file is the possibility to use PDFLaTeX with lot-time diagrams.
  
latex/lottime/pstricks.txt · Last modified: Wednesday, 24 November 2010 : 14:22:50 by hat